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无机玻化微珠保温砂浆施工方案详解

时间:2016-07-19     作者:www.xzalk.com【原创】   阅读

无机玻化微珠保温砂浆施工方案:
Inorganic vitrified beads insulation mortar construction scheme:

1、施工工艺:基层清理配制基层界面砂浆喷刷基层界面砂浆配制玻化微珠保温砂浆贴饼冲筋抹玻化微珠保温砂浆抹抗裂砂浆压入耐碱网格布刮腻子两道刷中档乳胶漆三道。
1, construction technology, spray cleaning configuration interface mortar at the grass-roots level at the grass-roots level interface mortar mixture vitrified beads insulation mortar paste cake screed wipe with vitrified beads insulation mortar anti-crack mortar pumped alkali grid cloth blow be bored with child brush mid-range three emulsioni paint.

2、基层处理:将墙、顶面等基层起皮、松动、空鼓等清除、凿平,将残留在基层表面上的灰尘、污垢、溅沫和砂浆、流痕等杂物涂除干净。
2, basic level processing: top of the wall, such as the removal of grassroots peeling, loose, empty drum, flat, will remain at the grassroots level on the surface of the dust, dirt, foam and mortar, flow mark, and sundry apply in addition to clean.

3、用滚刷或扫帚蘸取界面砂浆均匀涂刷于墙面上,不得漏刮,拉毛不宜太厚,必须保证所有的砼墙面都做到毛面处理。配好的料注意防晒避风,一次配制量应在可操作时间内用完。
3, dip in with roller or a broom evenly interface mortar on the wall, shall not be leakage, hair shoulds not be too thick, must ensure that all concrete metope rough handling. With good attention to prevent bask in the shelter, a dispensing quantity should be finished in the operational time.

4、贴饼冲筋:灰饼和冲筋均使用玻化微珠保温砂浆制作。抹灰前对墙面浇水湿润,用靠尺检查墙面的平整度和垂直度,根据设计要求的20mm抹灰厚度确定灰饼的厚度(要保证最薄处有7mm厚的抹灰)。先在距顶棚约200mm处和墙的两尽端距阴阳角150~200m的地方做上两个以上灰饼,灰饼大小为40mm*40mm,并以此为基准拉水平线,以间距1.2~1.5m作吊线做中间灰饼,然后用托线板或线锤做下灰饼,下灰饼设在踢脚线上方200~300mm处,并根据上下灰饼左右拉通线设中间灰饼。当灰饼砂浆达到七八成干后,在上下灰饼间填充作冲筋,冲筋宽度为5cm,两筋间距不大于1.5m。抹完冲筋后用硬尺找平并检查垂直度。
4, stick cake screed: ash cake and screed vitrified beads insulation mortar should be used in production. Plaster to metope before water wet, with guiding rule check the flatness and verticality of metope, according to the design requirements of 20 mm thickness of plaster ash cake thickness (make sure there are 7 mm thick plaster the thinnest place). First at about 200 mm from ceiling and walls of the two end 150 ~ 200 m away from the Angle of Yin and Yang made on two or more grey bread, ash cake size * 40 mm to 40 mm, and as a benchmark level, with spacing of 1.2 ~ 1.5 m as messenger wire do the middle gray loaves of bread, and then use line board or line under the hammer do grey loaves of bread, the ash cake in 200 ~ 300 mm above the line that play a base, and according to the ash cake about flux line pull up a gray cake in the middle. After the seven eighty percent dry ash cake mortar, between the top and bottom ash cake filling screed, screed width is 5 cm, two spacing is not more than 1.5 m. After wiping the screed leveling with hard ruler and check the verticality.
 
5、抹玻化微珠保温砂浆:玻化微珠的配制必须严格按照说明书要求进行,且安排专人进行搅拌。料浆必须随配随用,配制好的料浆应在1h内用完并不得回收落地灰再二次加水使用。玻化微珠保温砂浆应在界面砂浆干燥固化后分两遍成活。第一遍抹灰:待基层上的界面砂浆干燥后,在基层上用配好的玻化微珠保温砂浆压抹,第一遍抹灰厚度应控制在5-8mm,使砂浆均匀密实覆盖墙壁面。玻化微珠保温砂浆抹上墙与墙粘住后,不宜反复赶压。第一遍抹灰后应当拉毛,尽量做到表面粗糙,使得其与第二遍灰粘结牢固。第二遍抹灰:待第一遍抹灰硬化后即可进行下一遍抹灰,抹灰厚度应达到灰饼、冲筋的厚度,用大杠搓平。保温层两遍施工时间间隔不小于24小时。门窗、洞口垂直度、平整度达到规范规定要求后,再在表面进行找平压实。
5, wipe vitrified beads insulation mortar: vitrified beads preparation must be conducted in strict accordance with the specifications, and arrange personnel to stir. , the slurry must use English along with good slurry should be finished within 1 h and not to use recycle ash and secondary water landing. Vitrified beads insulation mortar should be in the interface mortar dry cured in two times. First pass plaster: stay dry mortar base on the interface, on the base with good vitrified microsphere pressure of insulation mortar, plaster thickness should be controlled for the first time in 5 to 8 mm, make mortar even dense cover the walls. With vitrified beads insulation mortar on the wall and wall stick, should not be repeated pressure. After the first pass rendering should be hair, try to be rough surface, and the second time make it with strong ash binding. Second time rendering: for the first time after plaster harden on to the next time plaster, plaster thickness should reach the ash cake, the thickness of the screed, with large poles lay flat. The thermal insulation layer twice construction time interval is not less than 24 hours. Doors and Windows, the hole perpendicularity, flatness after reaching standard required, again on the surface of leveling compaction.

6、抹抗裂砂浆压入耐碱玻纤网格布:在保温层固化干燥后,用抹子在保温层上抗裂砂浆,厚度控制上3~4mm,注意不得漏抹,在刚抹好的抗裂砂浆上用抹子压入裁好的玻纤网格布,玻纤网格布长度为3m左右,预先裁好。玻纤网格布应竖向铺贴,并全部含在抗裂砂浆中,铺贴要平整,无褶皱,可隐约见网格,不得有干贴现象,粘贴饱满度应达到100%,局部不饱满处应随即补抹第二遍抗裂砂浆找平并压实。接茬处的玻纤网格布搭接宽度不小于100mm,两层搭接玻纤网格布之间要布满抗裂砂浆,严禁干茬搭接。墙体最下端的玻纤网格布应压在踢脚里面。阴、阳角处的玻纤网格布采用单侧绕角压茬搭接,其搭接宽度≧150mm。应保证阴阳角处的方正和垂直度。保温墙与内隔墙的交接处,玻纤网格布应绕角搭接到内隔墙上,其搭接宽度)150mm,并抹抗裂砂浆处理搭接的玻纤网格布。在门、窗洞口等的边角处应沿450方向提前用抗裂砂浆增贴一道玻纤网格布,玻纤网格布的尺寸宜为400mmx200mm。门、窗洞口等处的玻纤网格布应翻折满包内口见图抗裂防护层施工完后,应检查平整、垂直及阴阳角方正,不符合要求的应用抗裂砂浆进行修补。
6, wipe the anti-crack mortar pumped alkali glass fiber grid cloth, the thermal insulation layer after drying and curing with float anti-crack mortar on the insulation layer, the thickness control on 3 ~ 4 mm, pay attention to not leak on, in just wipe good anti-crack mortar with float into the good cutting glass fiber grid cloth, glass fiber grid cloth length is 3 m or so, laid well in advance. Vertical brick, glass fiber grid cloth should be included in all the anti-crack mortar, the shop is stuck to level off, without fold, can vaguely see the grid, must not have dry phenomenon, paste plumpness should reach 100%, partial is not full and the second time should immediately fill with anti-crack mortar leveling and compaction. Summer-planting of glass fiber grid cloth lap width is not less than 100 mm, two layers of overlapping between glass fiber grid cloth to be full of anti-crack mortar, it is strictly prohibited to dry stubble lap. The wall of the bottom of the glass fiber grid cloth should be pressure inside the kick. Yin and Yang Angle of glass fiber grid cloth with unilateral round Angle of chi lap, lap width ≧ 150 mm. Should guarantee the Angle of founder and verticality of Yin and Yang. Insulation wall and inner wall of the junction, glass fiber grid cloth should be round Angle overlap to partition wall, width of the lap) 150 mm, and wipe the anti-crack mortar processing glass fiber grid cloth. On the door and humanly scaled mouth edge part should be along the direction of 450 with anti-crack mortar increases ahead of a glass fiber grid cloth, the size of the glass fiber grid cloth appropriate for 400 mmx200mm. The place such as door, humanly scaled mouth of glass fiber grid cloth should be fold full package as shown in figure crack mouth protection layer after the construction, should check the flat, vertical and Angle of Yin and Yang, founder is not in conformity with the requirements of anti-crack mortar was used to repair.
 
7、刮腻子两遍:用腻子粉按说明书要求比例用搅拌器搅拌成膏状腻子,也可直接使用腻子膏,用橡皮刮板横向满刮,一刮板紧接着一刮板,接头不得留槎,每刮一刮板最后收头时要注意收的要干净利落,干燥后用1号砂纸打磨,将浮腻子及斑痕磨平磨光,再将墙面清扫干净。在刮每遍腻子时,应认真将墙顶面的预埋电盒及穿墙洞口沿盒(洞)口修规矩、修正。第二遍用胶皮刮板竖向满刮,使用材料和方法同第一遍,干燥后用1号砂纸磨平并清扫干净。在刮最后一遍腻子前,应对室内柱子及阴阳角方正及顺直情况进行一次检查并修补处理,合格后用钢片刮板满刮腻子。将墙、顶面刮平刮光,干燥后用细砂纸磨平,注意不要漏磨或将腻子磨穿。墙面腻子打磨时,在灯光下打磨,并用杠尺检查,对较凸的地方应多磨几遍,达到平整度满意为止。阴阳角应用专用工具打磨,整个房间打磨完应把墙地面清扫干净。
7, blow be bored with child twice: with putty powder proportion according to the requirements of specification with blender mixing into paste putty, can also directly use putty paste, with a rubber scraper lateral scraping, a scraper followed by a scraper, joint shall not leave if, every scrape a scraper finally closed head to pay attention to close to a clean, dry with sand paper burnish, 1 will float putty and flecked smooth polished, then clean metope. At each times putty scraping, wall should be carefully put the embedded electric box and the hole wall along the box (hole) mouth rules, fixed. The second time scraping board vertical full with rubber, the use of materials and methods with the first time, after drying with sand paper to grind 1 and clean. In the final again before the putty scraping, deal with indoor pillars and Angle founder of Yin and Yang and straight for a check and repair processes, and after qualified steel scraper full blow be bored with child. Will be at the top of the wall, shaved leveling, dry with fine sand paper after grinding smooth, be careful not to leak or putty grinding wear. Wall putty grinding, polishing in light, and poles' inspection, to a convex place should wear a few times more, to achieve flatness satisfied. Special tool grinding Angle of application of Yin and Yang, whole room finish grinding should clean the wall surface.

8、刷中档乳胶漆三道:施涂第一遍涂料顺序是先刷顶板后刷墙面,滚刷前应认真阅读产品说明书,根据说明书要求增加适量的清水,用专用搅拌机进行搅拌均匀,滚涂最好是两人一组,一人在前面施涂,一人在后面收涂,收涂时要求无滚痕、无流坠、无漏涂。第一遍涂完干燥后复补腻子,待复补腻子干燥后用细砂纸磨平磨光,并清扫干净。施涂第一遍涂料前宜用小滚筒将阴阳角等不宜滚涂到位的部分先滚涂两遍,以后每遍施涂时,应注意用滚筒将阴阳角等部位滚涂到位,不要用毛刷刷涂或事后补涂,防止在该部出现明显接槎。第二遍第三遍涂料操作要求同第一遍,使用前要充分搅拌,如不很稠,不宜加水或尽量少加水,以防露底。涂膜干燥后,用细砂纸将墙、顶面小疙瘩打磨掉,磨光滑后清扫干净。
8, brush emulsioni paint of mid-range three way: the first application of the coating sequence is first brush to brush metope, after the roof before the roller should read the product manual, right amount water, according to the requirements of specification with special mixer to stir well, roller coating had better be in pairs, one in the front, one at the back coating, when you receive coating requirements without roll mark sank, no leakage, no flow. After the first time with the dry after filling putty, dry filling putty to be answered with fine sandpaper smooth polished, and clean. First pass appropriate USES small drum before coating application such as Yin and Yang Angle is unfavorable and roller coating part in place of the first roller coating twice, after each time, the application of should pay attention to use roller to roll in place, in areas such as the Yin and Yang Angle don't filling besmear brush with wool or after the event, to prevent the occurrence of obvious answer if in the ministry. The second time third time coating operation requirements are the same as the first time, to fully stir before use, if not very thick, not add water or water less as far as possible, in case of grinning. After coating is dry, with fine sand paper burnish of at the top of the wall, little a knot in one's fall, after grinding smooth and clean.

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